STEM: Topology Management for Energy Efficient Sensor Networks [Conference Paper]

NESL Technical Report #: 2002-3-2


Abstract: In wireless sensor networks, where energy efficiency is the key design challenge, the energy consumption is typically dominated by the node's communication subsystem. It can only be reduced significantly by transitioning the embedded radio to a sleep state, at which point the node essentially retracts from the network topology. Existing topology management schemes have focused on cleverly selecting which nodes can turn off their radio, without sacrificing the capacity of the network. We propose a new technique, called Sparse Topology and Energy Management (STEM), that dramatically improves the network lifetime by exploiting the fact that most of the time, the network is only sensing its environment waiting for an event to happen. By alleviating the restriction of network capacity preservation, we can trade off extensive energy savings for an increased latency to set up a multi-hop path. We will also show how STEM integrates efficiently with existing topology management techniques.

Publication Forum: EEE Aerospace Conference

Volume: 3

Number: 1

Page (Start): 1099

Page (End): 1108

Page (Count): 10

Date: 2002-03-16

Place: Big Sky, MT

Publisher: IEEE

Public Document?: Yes

Document category: Conference Paper