NESL Technical Report #: 2010-7-1
Abstract: To achieve more accurate global time synchronization, this paper argues for decoupling the clock distribution net- work from the routing tree in a multihop wireless network. We find that both flooding and routing-integrated time synchronization rapidly propagate node-level errors (typically due to temperature fluctuations) across the network. There- fore, we propose that a node chooses synchronization neighbors that offer the greatest frequency stability. We propose two methods to estimate a neighbor’s stability. The first approach selects the neighbor whose frequency error variance is smallest, with respect to the local clock. The second approach selects the neighbor that reports the lowest variance relative to its synchronization parent. We also propose node-level time-variance as an additive metric for selecting more stable clock trees than either naıve flooding or routing- integrated time synchronization can provide. We incorporate these techniques into FTSP, a widely-used time synchronization protocol, and show that the mean error in global time significantly improved (by a factor of five) when some nodes are warmed and others are not.
Publication Forum: ACM SenSys
Place: Zurich, Switzerland
NESL Document?: Yes
Document category: Conference Paper